Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Essay Topics in Tess of the D'UrbervillesTess of the D'Urbervilles is a novel that is different from other romance novels. The theme of the novel is gender differences and the relationship between men and women. I enjoyed the novel and found it to be fun to read.I enjoyed reading the essay topics on other books because they are very interesting. It was nice to see how they fit into the plot. Tess of the D'Urbervilles has some very interesting points to talk about and so far I have enjoyed reading them.One of the essays discusses how men and women respond to 'doctors' and what they learn from these people. There is an issue in the novel with the idea of women learning about men.This was actually one of the points in the book that I really enjoyed. As I started reading the book I found myself wondering about the women in the book. I liked the idea of how the women would react when a man was behaving badly.Another of the essay topics deals with the relationship between George Washington and Wendy Parson. Wendy Parson is a secretary that works for the governor of the town and George Washington is the town sheriff. I like this idea of the two men, not knowing each other very well.I think this is one of the essay topics that makes this book worth reading. George Washington and Wendy Parson do not have much in common except for the fact that they both work for George Washington. They both worked hard to get where they are in life and that was important for them.The essays are interesting to read and they give some insight to the characters of the book. I found them interesting and if you are looking for some reading about what is going on in the hearts of women I would look into this book. The topics are interesting and the book is very entertaining.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A Safer Way to Invest Retirement, when most people think of saving for retirement the first thing that comes to their minds is usually a 401(k), especially when some companies offer incentives. What most donÃ¢â¬â¢t know is there are other ways to save for retirement, ways that can benefit you in the long run. Although 401(K) may sound intriguing at first glance, a Money Market IRA in conjunction with a High-Yield Savings account will guarantee your retirement, will be upfront and honest without all the hidden fees, and will be available to you to withdraw when you need to borrow some of your own money! Lets put your retirement money where it works for you! Guarantee! With a Money Market IRA in conjunction with a High-Yield Savings account, youÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The plan fees are costing employees around the country a small fortune behind the scenes. Evaluating 401(k) Plan Fees (Geller S. M., 2015) states under the section Hidden or Excessive Fees that Investment Managers pay distributors and service providers as an incentive to recommend their investments! In paragraph six of the same article, it states: Plaintiffs in excess-fee complaints have alleged that plan sponsors have not sufficiently scrutinized compensation and revenue-sharing arrangements, to the detriment of participants; such actions violate the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA). Recent lawsuits have claimed that plan sponsor boards, officers, and other in-house plan fiduciaries have breached their fiduciary duties by failing to investigate plan transactions that resulted in excessive fees. (Evaluating 401(K) Plan Fees by Sheldon M. Geller, 2015) Furthermore, this article doesnt even go into the administrative fees that you pay yearly; it just shows you how dishonest some 401(k) plan investment fees can rack up. When you decide to go with a Money Market IRA and a High-Yield Savings Account you are given all of the fees up front. Therefore, you have control over which account or Money Market IRA to choose based on the information provided to you before you commit. Availability! Dont get charged to borrow your own money; you have earned that money! According to Dayana Yochim, in myth 4 A 401(k) loan is better than a traditionalShow MoreRelatedIn An Rsa Video, BrenÃ © Brown On Empathy, BrenÃ © Explains1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeing in touch with our personal emotions in order to understand someone else s. This also requires putting ourselves aside in order to assist. 4. Communicating emotion Ã¢â¬â To communicate our understanding of the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings and saying things such as, Ã¢â¬Å"I ve been there, and that really hurts,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"It sounds like you are in a hard place now. Tell me more about it.Ã¢â¬ rather than, Ã¢â¬Å"At least...Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"It could be worse...Ã¢â¬ . (Brown 2013) Character engagement within a narrative utilises many of theRead MoreDomination and Resistance of Culture Essay1282 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageschange social norms. Punks bizarrely wore ordinary objects to embellish their membrane and trashy clothing. This subculture gained their effectiveness from shock, confusion and dismay of society. This subculture has become one of the most widespread narratives of capitalism. So what really is culture? Culture is a style within a society that concludes all meanings of a social experience. The culture behind technology is influenced by domination and resistance. Owning the latest technology or any technologyRead MoreInside Job Analytical Report3567 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pages2008, described in the documentary. Based on my analysis, the subject of Inside Job is the global financial crisis of 2008. It features research and extensive interviews with financiers, politicians, journalists, and academics. 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American prison historians generally describe two movements in early American prison history: the Pennsylvania System and the Auburn System. The Pennsylvania System entailed mainly solitary confinement and evolved as a means to encourage personal guilt and repentance; it was called the Pennsylvania System because regional Quakers, who cultivated interest in the rehabilitative model of justice, supported this penal model. However, the Pennsylvania System was considered too costly to maintainRead MoreEl-Al Marketing Analysis5815 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pageswell. 3. ELAL hires thousands of employees and has several subsidiaries as well. 4. ELAL s narrative is defined by the ideal of being the number one airline for passengers from and to Israel. ELAL is constantly walking the thin line regarding the political status quo. ELAL maintains its religious crowd by keeping the Shabbat on one hand, and losing potential revenues by doing so. This narrative is implemented in the outline of ELAL s marketing agenda, ever claiming that it is Israel s nationalRead MoreSolution Manual For Management Leading And Collaborating In A Competitive World 11th Edition Bateman Snell8749 Words Ã |Ã 35 Pagesnew products. As technology evolves, new industries, markets, and competitive niches develop. b. New technologies provide new production techniques. Sophisticated robots perform jobs without suffering fatigue. c. New technologies also provide new ways to manage and communicate. Computerized management information systems (MIS) make information available when needed. C. Laws and Regulations 1. U.S. government policies both impose strategic constraints and provide opportunities. 2. GovernmentRead MorePatient Consent: Three Acceptable Methods for Electronic Records5752 Words Ã |Ã 23 Pagespatient consent also falls into that category. The goal of this type of consent is to make sure that patients can get the treatment they need quickly and efficiently, and that any hospital or doctor can access the records in that same manner. That way, patients get what they need and doctors are not as pushed for time and information. That allows them to better help their patients and save more lives. Addressed here are three methods for electronic patient consent. While this is part of a patientsRead MoreTechnology in Hotel Industry14045 Words Ã |Ã 57 Pagescomponent of innovative capabilities, and that in this process, the organizational capabilities and social capital embedded in individuals play an important role. While the processes that lead to the creation of new knowledge are quite well tackled, the ways to govern employees in aim to support knowledge sharing a re not so well understood. Considering that the employees of a Ã¯ ¬ rm are the ones that hold a lot of relevant knowledge (although some of it can also be found in the routines, practices, technologiesRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words Ã |Ã 190 Pagesessays, and write critiques and chapter introductions: Aastha Gurbax and Uma Subramanian from the Class of 2008 and Will Boland, Linda Dempah, and Zachary Surak from the Class of 2009. We thank all the HBSstudents and alumni who kindly shared their personal es... says.We would also like to thank the staff of the Harbus, including Lauren Sullivan, Marianne Bakula, and Christie Cuthbert, for their encouragement and support. Lastly, we would be remiss if we did not express our gratitude for assistance
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
This essay will seek to explore the link between Human resource management and business performance. To be successful in this, a number of resources will be used. To get a sound basis, definitions of HRM and performance will first be made. Once definitions have been made, the essay can then explore the link. High performance work practices (HPWP) will be the main theory examined in this essay and others will be used to be able to provide a critical view. The models will include the AMO model also the best fit and best practice view will also be considered. A range of references will also be used to get the views from a range of studies these include Guest, Sels at el and Huselid. It is important to examine the link between HRM and business performance because more and more organisations are seeking out ways to gain competitive advantages over their competitors and one way of achieving this is to link HRM to performance. To critically explore the link between HRM and performance we first need to look at the concept of HRM. There is not one constant definition for HRM and those that exist encompass similar undertones but may have different approaches. Armstrong amp; Baron (2002) p. 3 define HRM as Ã¢â¬Å"a strategic and coherent approach to the management of organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s most valued assets the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of its objectivesÃ¢â¬ . Boxall amp; Purcell (2003) p. 1 simply define HRM as Ã¢â¬Å"the most popular term in the English-speaking world referring to the activities of management in the employment relationshipÃ¢â¬ . In a HRM context there is no single definition that constitutes to explaining what performance actually means, Huselid concentrated on financial performances while MacDuffie measures productivity and quality. Without a general agreement on the definition of performance it makes the comparisons of any theories difficult. HRM does have impact on an organisations performance, in Patterson, West, Lawthom amp; NickellÃ¢â¬â¢s (1997) study they found Ã¢â¬Å"Human resource management practices explained 19 per cent of the variation in profitability and 18 per cent of the variation in productivityÃ¢â¬ (Armstrong amp; Baron (2002) p. 12) which clearly show a strong link between HRM practices and performance. The reason why an increasing number of organisations are linking performance and HRM is because is can be rewarding for both the employee and the organisation Ã¢â¬Å"Employers are continually searching for more effective ways to manage labour to gain maximum organisational performance, while workers are keen to increase the benefits from employment, both in material terms and in opportunities for more interesting and stimulating work patterns. Ã¢â¬ (Marchington amp; Zagelmeyer (2005) p. ) Much of the research presented in this essay supports the view that there is definite link between HRM and performance, especially when looking at the practices the HR department implement, for example when analysing recruitment there is an importance on recruiting the right people in the right way to get the best people and minimise costs, which then contributes to a positive outcome on business performance Ã¢â¬Å"HRM is now often seen as the major factor differentiating between successful and u nsuccessful organisations, more important than technology or finance in achieving competitive advantageÃ¢â¬ (Marchington amp; Wilkinson (2005) p. ) Increasingly more organisations are using HRM to give them that competitive advantage they are often aiming for. Linking HRM to performance can attract a better workforce as the stronger performing organisations are likely to be more sought after by perspective employees. High performance work practices are a set of practices that can improve business performance regardless of the organisation, industry or strategy which lead it to being a universal practice, there is not one agreed definition but they basically are Ã¢â¬Å"the idea is that a particular set (or number) of HR practices has the potential to bring about improved organisational performance for all organisationsÃ¢â¬ (Marchington amp; Wilkinson (2005) p. 2) rather than focus on individual HR policies to increase performance many researchers are exploring the idea of a bundle of HR policies to increase performance, Ã¢â¬Å"scholars of strategic human resource management (SHRM) have turned their attention during the last decade to a Ã¢â¬Å"bundleÃ¢â¬ of mutually reinforcing and synergistic HR practices that facilitate employee commitment and involvementÃ¢â¬ (Hsu, Chaing amp; Shih (2006) p. 32) the philosophy is that when a organisation concentrates on a bundle of polices the level of t he performance is increased when compared to an organisation that only adopts one HR policy. There a number of HR practices, the literature suggest Ã¢â¬Å"In total they are able to list 26 different practices, of which the top four are training and development, contingent pay and reward schemes, performance management (including appraisal) and careful recruitment and selection. Ã¢â¬ (Paauwe amp; Boselie (2005) p. 9) Examples of high performance work practices can encompass extensive training, recruitment which is based on recruiting a quality workforce who is eager to learn and develop, strong communication and appraisals, however, the exact nature of the HPWP would be designed to suit the organisation so we can call the practices Ã¢â¬ËidiosyncraticÃ¢â¬â¢. One of the focal points of the HPWP approach is that it is considered to be universally applicable, this approach is also similar to the best practice form of linking HR to performance. The universalistic perspective states that a fixed set of best practices can create surplus value in various business contexts. Ã¢â¬ (Sels et al (2003) p. 5) Other theories may take a contingency approach Ã¢â¬Å"Contingency approaches, by contrast, start with the assumption that the selection of a combination of HRM practices is determined by the strategy used. Ã¢â¬ (Sels et al (2003) p. ) this approach looks at the external environment which include the market it exists in, it differs from the best practice approach and focuses on the best fit approach and so looks at fitting HR policies into the situation of the individual employer. HPWP can be argued to fit in the hard HRM category as they are designed to increase performance, efficiency and profitability where-as soft HRM focuses on social an d ethical reasons. HPWP can take the best parts from all the approaches for example they can fit into best fit approach as they both rely on different HR policies to produce high results. The link between HRM and performance can also be put in practice by examining the best fit or the best practice approach. The best practice approach Ã¢â¬Å"identifies a set of HR policies that, it is argued, is associated with improved performance in all types of organisation and, by implication, for all types of employeesÃ¢â¬ while the best fit Ã¢â¬Å"argues that performance is maximised when the HR policies adopted are consistent with the business strategy. Ã¢â¬ (Kinnie et al (2005) p. ) These approaches argue that they will have the same effect on all the employees in the organisation that itÃ¢â¬â¢s introduced in, which could pose doubts due to employees in organisations not being in a homogenous group. The application of best practice HRM being universal fits in with high performance work practices Ã¢â¬Å"all things being equal, the use of High Performance Work Practices and a good internal fit should lead to positive outcomes for all types of firmsÃ¢â¬ (Huselid 1995 p . 644 cited in Marchington amp; Wilkinson (2005) p. 95) Many of the researchers use the AMO model (Appelbaum et al 2000) to investigate the link between HRM and performance, the AMO model argues that for people to perform better the following must be adhered to, people must Ã¢â¬Å"have the ability and necessary knowledge and skills, including how to work with other people (A), be motivated to work and want to do it well (M), be given the opportunity to deploy their skills both in the job and more broadly contributing to work group and organisation success (O)Ã¢â¬ (Marchington amp; Wilkinson (2005) p. 0) High performance work practices can satisfy the Ã¢â¬ËabilityÃ¢â¬â¢ criteria as they focus on developing employees through self management and decentralised decision making, this gives the employees a chance to gain the ability to gain knowledge and skills. HPWP satisfy the motivation area by having constant performance measures in place that provide a clear strategy to measure peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s progress and they satisfy the opportunit y criteria by having continuing training and learning in all areas of the job. On the other hand it could also be argued that HPWP do not satisfy the AMO model because it is unlikely that organisations are going to tailor their practices to suit the model but more likely to tailor practices to their needs. If the latter is the case then in PurcellÃ¢â¬â¢s view then HPWP are unlikely to be successful as workers need to have their abilities, motivation and opportunities to perform well. GuestÃ¢â¬â¢s theory (expectancy theory) looks at linking HRM to performance by having a core set of HRM practices that can influence intrinsic motivation, form a positive psychological contract and form a flexible workforce. The model takes a unitarist view on linking performance and HRM. Guest (1999) believes that Ã¢â¬Å"the psychological contract may be a key intervening variable in explaining the link between such HR practices and employee outcomes such as job satisfaction, perceived job security and motivation. Ã¢â¬ (Legge (2005) p. 32) A limitation to the link between performance and HRM goes back to the actual definition of HRM Ã¢â¬Å"it is easy to find slippage in its use, especially when critics are comparing the apparent rhetoric of Ã¢â¬Ëhigh commitmentÃ¢â¬â¢ HRM with the so-called reality of life in organisations that manage by fear and cost-cuttingÃ¢â¬ (Marchington amp; Wilkinson (2005) p. 4) Ã¢â¬Å"Without a clearly delineated theoretical model of HPWS and their effects on performance, scholars cannot adequately validate the efficacy of such practices, let alone providing useful suggestions to practitioners. (Hsu, Chaing amp; Shih (2006) p. 741) Researchers not only use different definitions of HPWP but also measure the outcomes in different ways Ã¢â¬Å"Dyer and Reeves (1995), proposed four possible types of measurement for organizational performance: 1) HR outcomes (turnover, absenteeism, job satisfaction), 2) organizational outcomes (productivity, quality, service), 3) financial accounting outcomes (ROA, profitability), and 4) capital market outcomes, (stock price, growth, returns). Ã¢â¬ (Rogers and Wright (1998) p. ) most of the strategic research that exists focuses on organisational outcomes this leads to inconsistent results and so makes it less favourable for practitioners to use. Also, because the bundles that organisations use are tailored to the organisation it is very hard to measure and compare the results however Ã¢â¬Å"the process of linking environmental contingencies with HRM practices may vary across firms, but the tools firms use to effectively manage such links are likely to be consistentÃ¢â¬ (Mabey, Salaman and Storey (1998) p. 08) so itÃ¢â¬â¢s not the actual practices that researchers and organisations should analyse but the way such organisations manage the links. Nearly All the literature that examines the link between HRM and performance arise the issue of the black box Ã¢â¬Å"Even if an association is found between high commitment HRM and performance, questions remain about directions of causality and about the processes that underpin and drive these linkagesÃ¢â¬ (Marchington amp; Wilkinson (2005) p. 1), the black box is where the literature/researchers are unable to explain what the actual link is between performance and HRM Ã¢â¬Å"A primary issue in the development of appropriate conceptual models for research in this area is which variables should be included in making the step from HRM to firm performanceÃ¢â¬ ((Paauwe and Farndale, 2005). cited in Hailey, Farndale, Truss (2005) p. 50) To understand and develop the link the between it is important to be able to measure the impact of HRM when concerned with performance. One way of measuring performance is by looking at the outcomes a business experience once performance theories have been put in place Ã¢â¬Å"performance outcomes can be understood in terms of internal outcomesÃ¢â¬ (Armstrong amp; Baron (2002) p. 106) these internal outcomes can consist of labour turnover, productivity, quality and employee relations, an external outcome would be the financial performance. Ã¢â¬Å"Based on the overview by Boselie et a1 (2005), we can conclude that financial measures are represented in half of all articles (104) included in their analysis. Ã¢â¬ (Paauwe amp; Boselie (2005) p. 1) This is supported by Legge (2005) who notes that because much of the research takes place at a corporate level, financial measures of performance are not only favoured but they are also easier to measure than human outcomes. Measuring via financial performance can usually take the form of profit or level of sales; however, this measurement poses implications especially when it comes to examining the full effect of HR policies. For example, an organisation may introduce a strong marketing strategy which increases sales performance but has little do with any HR practices, and so any HR practices involved at the time may be disregarded. Measuring performance by examining the financial route can often lead to positive financial outcomes but negative human outcomes Ã¢â¬Å"The damage caused by these negative aspects can be related to the longer-term damage to the financial performance of the organisationÃ¢â¬ (Hailey, Farndale, Truss (2005) p. 64) therefore not only can an a business solely rely on financial results but must also allow time for the real results to surface, looking at the results in the short term can be misleading and ignoring the human factor can mean employees commitment and motivation is hindered in the long run. Guest et al (2003) p. 93 agree with this way of measuring performance Ã¢â¬Å"it can be argued that financial performance lies at the distant end of the casual chain, and that outcome measures more closely linked to HRM might be more appropriateÃ¢â¬ . When implementing HPWP, the issue of costs cannot be neglected Ã¢â¬Å"investing in HPWP is only justified if it pays off in the long termÃ ¢â¬ (Sels et al (2006) p. 320) getting a HPWP right is going to demand a number of costs especially during the implementation stage and so an organisation has to have the funds to not only implement HPWP but also to keep the practices running for a sufficient amount of time. This poses an issue for the research as we are likely to only receive positive results from those organisations that have the money to implement HPWP. It also goes against the view of HPWP being universal, they cannot be universal if the lower funded businesses cannot afford to implement them, however, Sels et al (2006) p. 337 found that in smaller businesses Ã¢â¬Å"despite the lack of effect on the share of personnel costs in value added, we did find a positive total effect on profitability. Ã¢â¬ When looking at the issue of costs (along with ways of measuring) we cannot only look at financial costs we must also examine human costs. While these human costs undoubtedly roll over onto financial costs they are still an issue on their own. As HPWP are a new area of research, there are still many managers who will be wary of them and even if they are implemented some managers may lack enthusiasm, the whole issue of dealing with change in an organisation is an entirely different essay but essentially all the negatives that occur with change could occur with HPWP, which include absenteeism, lack of motivation and a general resistance Ã¢â¬Å"From an economic point of view, assessments of the cost-generating nature of HPWP Ã¢â¬â human (e. . higher absenteeism through Stress) or non-human (e. g. the impact of a new training provider on the cost structure) Ã¢â¬â may reveal potential efficiency gains. Ã¢â¬ (Sels et al (2006) p. 324) Reservations not only exist in the link between HRM and performance but also the on the concept of HRM itself. Ã¢â¬Å"The HRM rhetoric presents it as an all-or-nothing process that is i deal for all organisations, despite the evidence that different business environment require different approachesÃ¢â¬ Armstrong amp; Baron (2002) p. 16) To put HRM into practice an organisation requires Ã¢â¬Å"high levels of determination and competence at all levels of management, and a strong and effective HR function staffed by business-orientated peopleÃ¢â¬ (Armstrong amp; Baron (2002) p. 16) In strong and traditional cultures it is sometimes hard to introduce HR policies especially the newer and developing concepts, as they are already entrapped in their idea of what is right. Organisations may find it hard to get the full support of all staff when introducing a new HR policy and because HR is constantly developing some organisations may find it hard to keep up with the pace, if this is the case then it gets harder to measure the results of HRM, it also poses doubts for any newer research that may be uncovered in the future. Ã¢â¬Å"However, the existing research on HPWS suffers two significant drawbacks, namely causality between HPWS and performance, and a lack of consensus as to the constituents of HPWS practices. Ã¢â¬ (Hsu, Chaing amp; Shih (2006) p. 46) Higher performing organisations can invest more capital into HPWP and therefore this can tend to skew the results and this type of causation is often disregarded in some research and so this is one of limitations in the link between HRM and performance Ã¢â¬Å"if higher-performing firms are systematically more likely to adopt High Performance Work Practices, then contemporaneous estimates of the impact of these practices on firm performance will be overstatedÃ¢â¬ (Mabey, Salaman amp; Storey (1998) p. 106) When examining the issues of HPWP in the workplace it is vital to look at what they implicate for the people in the workplace. If we look at Britain we can see that the work ethic is very strong and so the possibility of organisations implementing HPWS is high, however, this implementation can have positive and negative connotations. White et al (2003) note negative impacts of HPWP p. 177 Ã¢â¬Å"Specifically, it seems plausible that high-commitment or high-performance management practices will have a negative impact on the private lives of workers, to the extent that they are designed to evince greater discretionary effort in pursuit of the organisations goals. HPWP are likely to be intense and so in long run can impact on labour turnover and absenteeism. On the other hand HPWP are designed to develop employees and so the form of development it encourages, should go some way in enhancing an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s intrinsic and extrinsic needs. HPWP can satisfy intrinsic needs on the basis of work satisfaction and commitment to the job and can satisfy extrinsic needs by supplying employees with the skills they nee d to develop. This essay has concentrated on looking at one area of linking HRM to business performance, and this has been high performance work practices. There is no doubt in the literature about there being an actual link but there are doubts concerning defining the terms, the black box issue and the bias views some of the research may present, Ã¢â¬Å"survey respondents generally self-select into samples, selectivity or response bias may also affect resultsÃ¢â¬ (Mabey, Salaman and Storey (1998) p. 106). One disheartening statement concerning HPWP is how Legge (2005) p. 1 notes in GrittlemanÃ¢â¬â¢s (1998) survey how out of teamwork, TQM, quality circles, peer reviews, employee involvement in decisions and job rotation, that Ã¢â¬Å"58 per cent of firms had none of these practices, earlier in the essay Paauwe amp; Boselie (2005) noted common HR practices used in the workforce (training and development, contingent pay and reward schemes, performance management (including appraisal) and careful recruitment and selection) these practices are not in the GrittlemanÃ¢â¬â¢s list which could show that when it comes to HPWP these top four are most likely to be in the bundle. Some of the issues that exist with HPWP are concerned with the research itself and its validity. As some of the research cross references industries it is difficult to separate the different industry effects.
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
To Kill a Mockingbird Ã¢â¬â Critical Response Essay Essay Ã¢â¬ËTo Kill a MockingbirdÃ¢â¬â¢ is a fresh smartly written by Harper Lee to picture the prejudicial. discriminatory and racist attitudes of white society in Maycomb. Alabama in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. Maycomb at first glimpse seems to be a warm and soft topographic point. However. as the novel progresses. the background of bondage. racism and poorness as a consequence of the Great Depression becomes prevailing. Lee explores assorted subjects such as the symbol of the mocking bird as a metaphor for artlessness. societal justness issues such as racism and bias and the mundane attitudes of people populating in little Deep South towns such as Maycomb. She successfully uses a assortment of linguistic communication techniques including sarcasm. sarcasm. temper and the usage of metaphors and conversational linguistic communication to develop characters and convey these subjects in a manner that is interesting prosecuting and thought arousing. The narrative is told through the position of Scout. the girl of Atticus. a outstanding. widowed attorney. Harper LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishment in making graphic imagination and a elaborate description of the town is made possible as Lookout recounts the narrative as an grownup. The narrative is divided in two parts. The first trades with Jem ( Scouts older brother ) and ScoutÃ¢â¬â¢s compulsion with a cryptic adult male named Arthur Ã¢â¬Å"BooÃ¢â¬ Radley. who portions the Ã¢â¬Å"spookyÃ¢â¬ Radley House with his male parent Mr. Nathan Radley. When Scout and Jem befriend a male child called Dill. their compulsion his heightened and they play games picturing the life of Boo the manner they perceive it. The 2nd Part of the Novel trades with Tom Robinson. a black adult male who is charged with ravishing Mayella Ewell. a white adult female. Tom is defended by Atticus and it is here that the biass of white society become prevailing and confronting. We will write a custom essay sample on To Kill a Mockingbird Ã¢â¬â Critical Response Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on To Kill a Mockingbird Ã¢â¬â Critical Response Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on To Kill a Mockingbird Ã¢â¬â Critical Response Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Harper Lee successfully uses irony cubic decimeter as Jem and Scout try to do sense of a society that strives to be moral and nice. yet embraces mindless biass and racism. This usage of sarcasm and sarcasm coupled with the artlessness of the kids creates temper ( for illustration. when Scout decides to crush Dill up so that he would get married her ) in the novel in capturing manner. Colloquial linguistic communication typical of the environment in which this novel is set is used invariably and suitably. However. differences even in conversational linguistic communication can be noted between white and black society. Calpurnia. a black maidservant looking after Scout and Jem. shows this really clearly. utilizing Ã¢â¬ËWhite manÃ¢â¬â¢s languageÃ¢â¬â¢ when in their company and altering to Ã¢â¬Ëblack manÃ¢â¬â¢s jargonÃ¢â¬â¢ when in the company of dorsums. This divide in linguistic communication is used to underscore the divide in society between the two civilizations. Language is successfully used in the novel to develop characters and word picture. An illustration of this is the manner that the EwellÃ¢â¬â¢s usage of disgusting linguistic communication as they address others. demoing their hapless instruction and societal standing. Again. sarcasm is created here when Bob Ewell asserts himself better than a black adult male yet Tom Robinson speaks far more courteously and without disgusting linguistic communication. Mayella shows an utmost deficiency of instruction in her address as she struggles to happen the right words to show herself clearly. Atticus. on the other manus. uses formal linguistic communication of a high criterion and incorporates metaphors. sarcasm and temper in a manner that is impressive and frequently elusive. This is used to develop his character as a extremely respectful. open- minded. moral adult male. Assorted subjects such as favoritism. bias. and societal justness are incorporated into this novel. The racialist and frequently unlogical biass of white society against black society ties into the subject of societal justness. a premier illustration being the result of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s instance demoing how the universe we live in may non ever be merely and how justice depends on the attitudes of persons. However. possibly the most cardinal subject is the importance of the rubric Ã¢â¬Å"To kill a mockingbirdÃ¢â¬ . This construct. the mindless persecution of an guiltless person. is used to depict Tom RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s tribunal instance. Mocking birds sing for peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s enjoyment. make no injury to the community and are a symbol of pureness and artlessness. Tom Robinson is perceived as a mocker when he is wrongly convicted over the colza of Mayella Ewell because of the biass of white society. Lee uses the repeat of the words Ã¢â¬Å"guiltyÃ¢â¬ ¦ guiltyÃ¢â¬ ¦ . guiltyÃ¢â¬ to underscore the disapprobation of an guiltless adult male. or in a metaphorical sense. the violent death of a derisive bird. Boo Radley may besides be seen as a mocking bird. In the beginning of the novel. he is perceived as a unsafe. frenzied person by the townspeople merely because of his cryptic character ( Boo seldom ventures out of the Radley House ) . though he had committed no offense. However. after Boo leaves gifts in a hole in a tree. puts a cover over lookout when she is standing in the cold and finally. saves Scouts life when Bob Ewell tries to kill her to seek retaliation for the demoralization of his household. during the tribunal instance. Jem and Scout realise that he is really a harmless. sort. person. Again. we see how an guiltless adult male can be discriminated against by prejudice borne from ignorance. In decision. Harper Lee has achieved her intent in doing us believe about the manner we treat others and the effects that our ain biass may hold on their lives. She has achieved this by successfully conveying the common attitudes of white society in Deep South towns in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s ( particularly towards African Americans ) . and developing subjects and characters through her usage of linguistic communication devices such as conversational linguistic communication. sarcasm and sarcasm in a manner that is effectual and prosecuting.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Social Security Privatization essays Over the past few decades, social security has transpired to be one the most debatable as well as one of the biggest federal programs. Even though the benefits derived from the program are well-liked by the recipients, there is still concern about the issue of retaining enough revenue to continue to ensure the benefits of the program in future generations. The real concern is what to do with the system when the baby-boom generation begins to retire in 2010. No one can be sure if the currently imposed taxes are sufficient to fund the benefits (Aaron 1989). The current system that was started in 1935 taxes the wages of the American people, and then deposits these revenues into the OASDI Trust Funds. This pay as you go system takes the revenues from the current working generations, and uses the funds to pay the current beneficiaries of the program. However, as the number of beneficiaries increase in the coming years, there may not be enough revenues to provide the same amount of b enefits. More important, however, the reports project that unless corrective action is taken, the Social Security program will become insolventno longer be able to pay promised benefits in fullaround the year 2030, well within the retirement years of the baby boom generation (Diamond 1996). Some economists argue that the social security tax may need to be raised to a level of 25% to allow for the same level of benefits. One proposed solution to the problems of the current pay as you go plan is to impose a system that would privatize the contributions of individuals. The plan presented in the earlier years by the Entitlements Commission, would be to shrink Social Security by enough to permit part of the payroll tax to be put into individual accounts, and let individuals control the accumulation until they reached retirement age (Skidmore 1999). Several different ideas for privatization have been introduced to the government, varying in ...
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Business Information and the Management of Organisation - Essay Example (Nutt) Strategic decision making is one of the most critical tasks in organizations as it has became increasingly important to consider strategic decision making more from a transaction costs as well as behavioral point of view. (Papadakis, Lioukas and Chambers). One of the strategic decisions which company might make is market development i.e. to enter into new markets such as Asia or South American market. Enter into a new market is a strategic decision because top management of the firm, considering the overall mission of the firm, may decide to exapnd into new markets in a bid to reduce costs and achieve differentiation in terms of cost. It is also critical to know that in order to make strategic decisions, it is not necessary that the information required to make such decisions shall be coherent and complete in all respects as strategic decisions are often based on fuzzy information. Tactical decisions involve the "How "of strategic decision making because by making tactical decisions, organizations basically decide how to materialize strategy. Tactical decisions need to support the strategy and are of medium term in nature with moderate level of consequences. A tactical decision for AstraZeneca might include deciding on how to enter into new market The question therefore would be directed in terms of whether a Greenfield project shall be started, whether the firm should enter through exporting, franchising etc. In terms making a strategic decision of entering into new market, taking tactical decisions would involve how to enter into those markets. The information at this stage is more formalized however, information requirements are still not formalized in nature. Operational Decisions Operational decisions are the common and routine decisions which managers take in their day to day affairs. These decisions often require access to technical information and tend to support tactical decision making. For example, if AstraZeneca make a tactical decision of entering through a Greenfield project in one of the Asian Markets than operational decisions might involve the decision making process of how to acquire land, plant, machinery and hire labor to start production. Further, operational decisions are critical in the sense that they are the basic decisions which are taken to materialize or give shape to the overall strategic management decision making of the organization. Overall, the specific dynamics of each category of decision making may vary as each level of decision making require different set of information and information needs vary. Information required As discussed above that the information requirements vary with each decision making category therefore the information needs as well as its form varies differ in each case. Strategic Decisions Strategic decision making process is dependent on behavioral decision theory as well as transaction cost economics (Papadakis, Lioukas and Chambers) therefore in order to clearly outline the information required to make strategic decisions would require consideration of above set of factors. Considering the dynamics of the behavioral decision making, it is critical to mention that research studies have particularly concentrated on individual as well as group decision making processes. (Dean and Sharfman) therefore on individual level, strategic decisio
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Non profit Organization in Anne Arundel County - Research Paper Example Although the present population diversity of Anne Arundel County (29.8%) is below state average (39.2%) but it has gained momentum (18.6%) since 2000. The median age for household (36.0%) is at par with the national average (36.4%). (2000, Census). As per 2005 American Community Survey data, the County was having 87003 married couples with children and 24525 single-parent households (5795 men, 18730 women). Teenage suicides have increased 8 percent over the previous year. The number of single parents has increased to 12.9 million. Postpartum episodes are estimated to affect 15 percent to 20 percent of mothers. These are astounding statistics having adverse implications. As per 2000 census, out of 2,69,772 employments, 7.8 percent were in manufacturing, 6.4 percent in transportation/ communication, 22.2 percent whole sale / retail trade, 4.5 percent in finance / income / real estate, 24.6 percent in services, 27.8 percent in Govt. and rest 6.7 percent in other sectors. However, out of 71.1 percent of total labor force above age 16 years 68.1 percent are in civil and only 3.0 percent are in army. Out of the total civilian labor force of 2,58,331, only 66.0 percent are employed and rest 2.1 percent unemployed. The median house hold income of 61,768 recorded a gain of 36.8 percent over 1990 census which was 47.09 percent higher than the nation average. The per capita income was 24,335 with 5.1 percent of the house hold "Below Poverty Line". Food stamps are available to families with income up to 130 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), about $19,500 for a family of three. House hold status: Out of total 1,86,937 housing units, 23.4 percent are occupied by renters with median rent of $700 which was much higher than state ($571) and national ($469) average. The median purchase price for home has also been fixed at $212,816. An increase of 19.8 percent of total households of 1,78,670 over 1990 was marked during last decennial. The median year householder moved in (1998) exceeded the median year structure built (1973). The rent shared of 24 percent of household revenue was disproportionate to the earnings. Income needed to qualify for purchase of house (MPDU) has been fixed to $35,000 or above a year and $20,000 or above a year to rent. This is because house prices normally require at least this amount of income to make the payment requirements. The minimum income required for renting a house with 2 bed rooms varies between $ 51,000- $58,000. As per SFY 2003, 429 individuals and 751 homeless families with children were detected. There is almost an even spilt between homeless men and women, which would represent 52 and 48 percent of the homeless population, respectively and majority are below 30.Besides this, 5835 people were in state prisons, 4964 in military barracks, 688 un group homes, 285 in college dormitories, 234 in mental rehabilitation centre, 22 in religious group quarters, 5 in agriculture workers' dormitories and so on. Disabilities: The count required affordable housing and supportive services to the developmentally disabled. An estimated 67,713 residents in the county are